Walter Merckx

De Gavers, 13, 9750 Ouwegem

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Walter : 0471 330 995
Brigitte : 0472 402 771
Walter en Brigitte
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Op onze verjaardag gebeurde dit …

13 maart …

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On March 13, 624, Mohammed led Muslims to victory in the Battle of Badr, Saudi Arabia. This was a major event in the spread of Islam on the Arabian Peninsula.
Mohammed, the Prophet of Islam, had left his hometown of Mecca years before, a migration called the hijra. He settled in the town of Medina. The conflict between Muslims in Medina and Mohammed’s family, the powerful Quraysh tribe of merchants, had grown as the new faith attracted followers. Muslims engaged in frequent skirmishes with Quraysh caravans, which traveled to and near Medina on trade routes that included a stop in the valley of Badr.
The Battle of Badr was the first large-scale confrontation between Muslims and the Quraysh. More than a thousand men engaged in the battle, which lasted hours and resulted in a decisive Muslim victory. Six years later, the Quraysh in Mecca peacefully surrendered to an army led by Mohammed.
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On March 13, 1852, Uncle Sam was featured as a cartoon character in the New York Lantern. The name is associated with Samuel Wilson, a meatpacker who provided food for the Army during the War of 1812. Wilson's barrels of meat were stamped with "U.S." for United States. Soldiers started calling the meat "Uncle Sam's." The (unillustrated) character of Uncle Sam appeared years earlier, and was even mentioned in a 1775 verse of “Yankee Doodle,” the first national anthem of the United States!

26 augustus …

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On August 26, 2002, the World Summit on Sustainable Development was convened in Johannesburg, South Africa. The was the second “Earth Summit,” following the first Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1992. The conference is most often nicknamed “Rio+10.” (The 2012 Earth Summit, held in Rio again, is nicknamed “Rio+20”.)
The focus of Rio+10 was sustainable development. Sustainable development is the process of human construction, growth, and consumption that can be maintained with minimal damage to the natural environment. 
The outcomes of Rio+10 were unlike other international agreements. Most agreements did not involve treaties between nations, but were instead programs developed between businesses, environmental coalitions, and community groups.
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On August 26, 1883, a series of large explosions detonated the island of Krakatoa, Dutch East Indies (today, Indonesia). Volcanic debris rose more than 35 kilometers (22 miles) above the 36-square-kilometer (14-square-mile) island-volcano. In two days, the 457-meter (1,500-foot) tall island lay 250 meters (820 feet) beneath the sea. Krakatoa was literally blown apart. The eruption of Krakatoa was felt around the world. The eruption killed more than 34,000 people along nearby coastlines. A series of large, deadly tsunamis spread outward from the imploded island. The eruption could be heard as far as 4,506 kilometers (2,800 miles) away. Unusually high waves were recorded as far away as the Arabian Peninsula. Pumice ejected from Krakatoa washed up on beaches in Madagascar. Volcanic dust called tephra was propelled into the stratosphere, where it spread around the globe by winds in the upper atmosphere. Global temperatures dropped several degrees. In 1927, volcanic activity resumed on Krakatoa, which had grown into a small island called Anak Krakatau (“child of Krakatoa”). Anak Krakatau has erupted most years since.
Bron: National Geographic 2013